Christian Cyclopedia

About the Cyclopedia

Sacraments, Roman Catholic.

The Council of Trent* fixed the no. of sacraments at 7 (baptism, confirmation, eucharist, penance, extreme unction, order, matrimony) and called them necessary for salvation (Sess. VII, Canons 1 and 4). Baptism and penance are called sacraments of the dead, because they are administered to those dead in sin; the others, sacraments of the living. Baptism, confirmation, and order are held to imprint an indelible character (see Character indelebilis) on the soul and therefore cannot be repeated. The validity of a sacrament is not made dependent on the personal worthiness of the officiating priest, provided he has the intention of doing, in the sacrament, what the ch. does. See also Grace, Means of, I 8; Opus operatum; Roman Catholic Church, The, B 4, 6, 7; Sacrament and the Sacraments; William of Auxerre.

Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
©Concordia Publishing House, 2000, All rights Reserved. Reproduced with Permission

Internet Version Produced by
The Lutheran Church--Missouri Synod

Original Editions ©Copyright 1954, 1975, 2000
Concordia Publishing House
All rights reserved.

Content Reproduced with Permission

Stay Connected! Join the LCMS Network:

Contact Us Online
(Staff Switchboard)
(Church Info Center)
1333 S Kirkwood Rd
Saint Louis, MO 63122-7226 | Directions


Featured Publication

The Lutheran Witness

LCMS Communications

Interpreting the contemporary world from a Lutheran Christian perspective.
Visit TLW Online