(18581922). Hindu educator; b. S India; father Brahmin; because of her gifts and learning and the esteem in which she came to be held she was called Pandita (related to Eng. pundit), highest title possible for a native woman in India; known in full as Pandita Sarasvati Ramabai or Pandita Ramabai Sarasvati (sarasvati: divine embodiment of language, literary expression, and learning); bap. 1883 in England; visited Am. 1886 and with resultant gifts est. Sarada Sadan (House [or Home] of Wisdom), a nonsectarian school for high caste Hindu girls, esp. child widows, at Bombay 1889; this school moved to Poona 1890/91. At Khedgaon (Kedgoan), ca. 30 mi. from Poona, an additional institution called Mukti Sadan (House [or Home] of Salvation) was est., largely for girls of low caste; it included a farm, ch., hosp., and printing press. Tr. Bible into Marathi.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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