(17461827). Educ. reformer; b. Zurich, Switz.; studied theol. and law; est. a school for poor children ca. 1774/75 on his estate Neuhof, near Brugg, Aargau canton; it failed ca. 1779/80; conducted a school for orphans at Stans, Nidwalden, 179899; helped develop a school at Burgdorf 17991804; connected with a school at Münchenbuchsee 1804, which was moved to Yverdon 1805, where he taught till 1825. Engaged in educ. experiments and investigation; tried to psychologize educ.; held that all proper educ. processes start from nature, i. e., a child's own interests and activities; educ. must be essentially religious, develop man as a whole, stimulate and guide self-activity, and be based on Anschauung (intuition; perception; cognition; internalized apperception) and exercise. Works include Lienhard und Gertrud.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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