Gnostic-Marcionite (and possibly Manichaean) sect traced to mid-7th c. Armenia, where they stayed, despite persecution, till their removal to Thrace ca. 970. In the 11th c. some returned to the ch., others joined various sects. Held a dualism in which a demiurge made the material world and man's body and a good god made heaven and man's soul; Christ saves humanity from the former for the latter. See also Gnosticism.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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