(17431805). Angl. theol.; utilitarian philos.; apologist; b. Peterborough, Northamptonshire, Eng.; educ. Cambridge; ordained 1767; archdeacon Carlisle 1782; prebendary St. Paul's 1794; subdeacon Lincoln 1795; rector Bishop's Wearmouth (on S side of Wear R., now part of Sunderland) 1795. Opposed deism*; defended the reliability of the NT; supported the teleological argument for the existence of God. Works include The Principles of Moral and Political Philosophy; A View of the Evidences of Christianity; Horae Paulinae; Natural Theology.
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