(Otfried; perhaps ca. 790/800875/800). Ger. monk; probably b. near Weissenburg (Wissembourg), NE Fr. (Alsace); pupil of Rabanus* Maurus. Works include Liber evangeliorum (formerly known as Krist; in Old High Ger. poetic form with end rhyme; stresses symbolic interpretation of Christ's acts rather than the acts themselves)
(Jacobus Otther; ca. 14851547)ú Reformer; b. Lauterburg, Alsace; educ. Heidelberg and Freiburg; pastor Wolfenweiler, near Freiburg, 1518; became Luth. 1520. Pastor Kenzingen, near Lahr, 1522; Neckarsteinach, near Heidelberg, 1524; Solothurn (Soleure), Switz., early 1529; Aarau, Switz., August 1529; Esslingen, Ger., 1532. Signed Wittenberg* Concord. Works include a catechism and devotional writingsú
(June 1, 1825October 30, 1904). B. Christiania (Oslo), Norw.; educ. Christiania; taught Lat. school Christiania; to Am. 1852. Pastor Manitowoc, Wisconsin, 1852; Koshkonong, Wisconsin, 1860; Decorah, Iowa, 189496. Helped organize The Norw. Ev. Luth. Ch. in Am. (see Evangelical Lutheran Church, The, 8). Coed. Evangelisk Luthersk Maanedstidende.
(18271906). Luth. theol.; b. Wissust, near Dorpat (Tartu), Livonia; prof. systematic theol. Dorpat 1856; held that individual guilt must be viewed against the background of community guilt. Works include Die Moralstatistik und die christliche Sittenlehre.
(b. ca. 1505). B. Herzberg, Ger. (hence also called Herzberger); studied under M. Luther at Wittenberg; pastor Gräfenthal and Nordhausen; preached sermons 1565 rejecting the 3d use of the Law as source of Majorism (see Majoristic Controversy) and synergism.* See also Antinomian Controversy.
(18691937). B. Peine, Ger.; educ. Erlangen and Göttingen; taught at Göttingen 1897, Breslau 1914, Marburg 1917. Works include Das Leben und Wirken Jesu nach historisch-kritischer Auffassung, tr. Life and Ministry of Jesus According to the Historical and Critical Method; Das Heilige, tr. The Idea of the Holy. See also Numinous.
(ca. 1060/621139). Father of the Monks; b. Swabia; bp. Bamberg 1102; founded more than 20 monasteries; helped prepare Concordat of Worms (see Concordat, 2); made miss. journeys to Pomerania 112425, 1128.
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