Secret social and benevolent fraternal society. Originated in Eng. in the 18th c.; reason for the name is indeterminate. Introd. into the US 1819. Consists of 4 degrees: Initiatory (White), Friendship (Pink), Love (Blue), Truth (Scarlet). Deistic; moralistic; its God is not the Triune God but an indeterminate Supreme Being; salvation is not by faith in Christ but by a good moral life as taught in the order. The privilege of a burial ritual that asserts eternal rewards is extended to every mem. Rebekah lodges are an adjunct to the Indep. Order of Odd Fellows. PHL
(ca. 962December 31, 1048 or January 1, 1049). 5th abbot Cluny.* Under his leadership Cluniac monasteries grew in number and influence. Introd. commemoration of All Souls' Day (see Church Year, 14; Departed, Commemoration of).
(ca. 879942). 2d abbot Cluny,* succeeding Berno 927. Canon St. Martin of Tours. Entered monastery at Baume, in Burgundy, 909. Raised Cluny to high position and influence. Works include moral essays; a life of Gerald of Aurillac; sermons; an epic on the Redemption.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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