In W Pacific Ocean, just S of Equator. Area: ca. 8 sq. mi. Contacted 1798 by Brit.; part of Ger. Empire 1886; League of Nations mandate administered by Australia after WW I; occupied by Jap. in WW II; UN trust territory administered by Australia 1947; indep. 1968. Ethnic groups: Nauruans 57%, Pacific islanders 26%, Chinese 18%, European 8%, Official language: Nauruan; other: English. Religion: mostly Christian.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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