(18701952). B. Chiaravalle, near Ancona, It.; received med. degree from U. of Rome; influenced by J. Locke,* J. R. Pereire,* Edouard Seguin (181280; b. Clamecy, Fr.; physician; specialist in mental disease), et al. Devised methods for educ. feebleminded, later applied to younger, normal children; gave special attention to the child, learning materials, and prepared environment. Works include II metodo della pedagogia scientifica (Eng. tr. by A. E. George: The Montessori Method).
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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