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Montessori, Maria

(1870–1952). B. Chiaravalle, near Ancona, It.; received med. degree from U. of Rome; influenced by J. Locke,* J. R. Pereire,* Edouard Seguin (1812–80; b. Clamecy, Fr.; physician; specialist in mental disease), et al. Devised methods for educ. feebleminded, later applied to younger, normal children; gave special attention to the child, learning materials, and prepared environment. Works include II metodo della pedagogia scientifica (Eng. tr. by A. E. George: The Montessori Method).

Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
©Concordia Publishing House, 2000, All rights Reserved. Reproduced with Permission

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