1. A kind of pastoral or love poem. 2. A type of secular choral music which originated in the 14th c. and fl. 16th18th c. esp. in It., Fr., Eng., Ger., Neth., Den., and Sp. Early madrigals were motet-like, reflected contrapuntal skills, somewhat restricted freedom and spontaneity, helped pave the way for homophonic and harmonic music, and influenced development of the chorale* and Luth. ch. cantata.* Madrigals were written by Luths. such as L. Lechner,* H. L. v. Hassler,* Melchior Franck,* and T. Selle.* See also Byrd, William.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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