(It. my lady). Term often used for picture, statue, or other artistic representation of Mary, mother of Jesus. In the earliest examples in the catacombs Mary has the Christ Child in her arms. In Byzantine art several types became prominent, including Panagia Nikopoia (Mary enthroned with Child seated on her knees), Hodegetria (Mary standing and holding Child in her left arm), Blacherniotissa (Mary praying, with Child on her breast), Platytera (variant of Blacherniotissa), Pelagoneotissa (Mary and Child seen from back).
In the Middle Ages the West developed greater freedom in portraying Mary in such types as Glykophilousa (Mary dressed as a noblewoman fondling Child); Galaktotrophousa (Mary nursing Child); Deesis (Mary, with John the Baptist, interceding at Last Judgment); Mother of Mercy (sheltering the faithful); Mother of 7 Sorrows (7 swords through heart); Mary of the Rose Garden; Virgin of Humility.
Later types include Madonna of the Rosary*; Immaculate* Conception; Annunciation (see Annunciation, Feast of the); Nativity; Assumption (see Assumption, Feast of the); Madonna of Lourdes*; Madonna of Fatima*; Pietà.*
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
©Concordia Publishing House, 2000, All rights Reserved. Reproduced with Permission
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