(18721938). B. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; executive architect for projects including buildings at Princeton (New Jersey) U., U. of Pittsburgh (Pennsylvania), Brown U. (Providence, Rhode Island), and Conc. Sem., St. Louis, Missouri
(Thorwald; 18441915). Norw. pastor; originally exponent of conservative theol. with pietistic inclinations. After involvement in problems of ch. and culture, soc. justice, and the nature of Scripture, he was at times regarded as a liberal leader. Held Scripture is eternal truth in earthly thoughts and words. Cofounded Kirke og Kultur; Norsk Kirkeblad; other works include Evangeliet forkyndt for nutiden.
(February 17, 1869December 21, 1935). B. Spring, Texas; educ. Conc. Sem., St. Louis, Missouri; pastor Chattanooga, Tennessee, 18921902; miss. Brazil 190207; pastor Wittenberg, Missouri, 190710, St. Joseph, Missouri, 191015, Collinsville, Illinois, 191522; pres. Conc. Sem., Springfield, Illinois, 192235.
(18371920). B. Vielguth, Silesia; educ. Breslau and Halle; prof. Berlin; mem. Brandenburg consistory. Works include Musik und Religion, Gottesdienst und Volksfeier; Die Revidierte Lutherbibel; commentaries on Minor Prophets.
(17491827). Prot. apologete; b. Osterode, Ger.; educ. Göttingen; prorector Gymnasium in Lemgo 1775; rector Osnabröck 1778; prof. OT, NT, and symbolics Kiel 1798; exponent of Biblical supranaturalism* in opposition to rationalism.*
(181095). Luth. theol.; b. Körchow, near Wittenberg, Mecklenburg, Ger.; educ. Schwerin, Berlin, and Rostock; tutored Mecklenburg princes 183339; pastor Ludwigslust 1840; supt. and cathedral preacher Schwerin 1844; pres. supreme ch. council 1886; promoted ecclesiastical and liturgical reforms. Works include Liturgische Abhandlungen; Christliche Eschatologie; commentaries on Eze, Dn, Zch, Rv.
(January 19, 1900August 9, 1959). B. Elmira, Ont., Can.; educ. Conc. Coll., Fort Wayne, Indiana, and Conc. Sem., St. Louis, Missouri; miss. North Platte (192528) and Lincoln (192839), Nebraska; pres. Conc. Teachers Coll., River Forest, Illinois, 193953; prof. Conc. Sem., St. Louis, 195459. Assoc. ed. Lutheran School Journal 193947, Lutheran Education 194753, The Lutheran Witness 195759; other works include Home Life in Bible Times and Old Testament History.
(August 9, 1833December 5, 1907). B. Stade, Hannover, Ger.; educ. Neuendettelsau; to Am. 1858; pastor Galena, Illinois, 18581907; excluded from Ev. Luth. Syn. of Iowa* and Other States 1876 because of dissident views; joined Ev. Luth. Syn. of Wisconsin and Other States (see Wisconsin Synod) and later Ev. Luth. Joint Syn. of Ohio* and Other States.
Open cloth bag on long rod, originally with bell attached; used for gathering offerings in ch.
(September 3, 1833April 17, 1891). B. Gau Angelloch, Baden; educ. Basel; commissioned for Am. 1860; pastor Michigan; helped organize the 2d Michigan Syn. (see Michigan Synod, 2) and was its pres. 186781.
(16591703). B. Jüdenberg, near Bitterfeld, Ger.; harpist and scribe of count of Hanau; secy. in Greifenstein; lived in Giessen 169799, then in Laubach; influenced by J. Tauler*; radical mystic individualist; influential in Hesse.
(Ernest; August 7, 1875February 11, 1937). B. Elstra, near Kamenz, Saxony, Ger.; educ. at the training school of the Leipzig* Ev. Luth. Miss.; miss. India 190003; to Am. 1903; joined General* Syn. of the Ev. Luth. Ch. in the USA; pastor South Dakota ca. 190313; to Nebraska 1913; taught Martin Luther Sem., Lincoln, Nebraska; taught Western Theol. Sem. (at Midland Coll.), Fremont, Nebraska, 191930, as mem. of the Ger. Ev. Luth. Syn. of Nebraska (see United Lutheran Church in America, The, Synods of, 3) and Chicago (Illinois) Luth. Theol. Sem. 193037 as mem. of the Wartburg Syn. (see United Lutheran Church in America, The, Synods of, 3). Works include An Outline of the History of Doctrines; Christian Symbolism; The Supernatural in the Tragedies of Euripides as Illustrated in Prayers, Curses, Oaths, Oracles, Prophecies, Dreams, and Visions.
(Klöck; Clug; Sophos; d. ca. 1552). Printer in Wittenberg. Pub. Geystliche gesangk Buchleyn (1524; ed. M. Luther); Geistliche Lieder (1529); other works of Luther,* M. Aurogallus,* J. Bugenhagen,* J. Jonas,* P. Melanchthon,* U. Rhegius.* C. Cruciger the Elder (see Cruciger, 1), et al.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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