Factors that prevent marriage* from being properly constituted.
Luths. have recognized impediments based on degrees of relationship either of consanguinity or of affinity (Lv 18:620; 20:1023; Dt 27:2023; Mt 14:34; 1 Co 5:1). Impotence and incurable disease were usually considered natural impediments.
In RC theol. 2 types of impediments are distinguished: (1) prohibitory, which make marriage unlawful but not invalid (e.g., vows of virginity; differences in religion); (2) diriment, which make marriage invalid and unlawful (e.g., when man is under 16 and woman under 14; permanent impotence prior to marriage; existing marriage; disparity bet. a RC and one who is unbaptized; sacred orders; certain blood relationships; affinity resulting from valid marriage; spiritual relationship). Bps. can dispense from many impediments; some are reserved for the diocese of the pope.
See also Prohibited Degrees.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
©Concordia Publishing House, 2000, All rights Reserved. Reproduced with Permission
Internet Version Produced by
The Lutheran Church--Missouri Synod
Original Editions ©Copyright 1954, 1975, 2000
Concordia Publishing House
All rights reserved.
Content Reproduced with Permission