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Ildefonso

(Ildefonsus; Ildephonsus; Hildefonsus; ca. 607–ca. 667). B. probably Toledo, Sp.; abp. Toledo 657. Works include De virginitate sanctae Mariae; De cognitione baptismi; De viris illustribus (hist. of the 7th–c. Sp. ch.).

MPL, 96, 9–330.

Ilgen, Karl David

(1764–1834). B. near Eckartsberga, Ger.; educ. Leipzig; rector Naumburg 1789; prof. oriental languages 1794 and theol. 1799 Jena; rector Schulpforte (Bad Kösen) 1802–31. Works include Die Urkunden des Jerusalemischen Tempelarchivs in ihrer Urgestalt.

Illingworth, John Richardson

(1848–1915). B. London, Eng.; Angl. cleric; educ. Oxford; rector Long-worth, Berkshire; mem. Lux* mundi group. Worlds include The church and Human Thought in the Present Day; Divine Immanence; Reason & Revelation; The Doctrine of the Trinity Apologetically Considered; The Problem of Pain.

Illinois, Evangelical Lutheran Synod of

(Illinois Syn.; Syn. of Illinois). a) 1846–67. The Syn. of the West* divided June 1846. One of the resultant syns. was the Ev. Luth. Syn. of Illinois, which held its 1st conv. in Hillsboro, Illinois, October 15, 1846. Joined Gen. Syn. 1848 (see General Synod of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in the United States of America, The).

b) 1867–80. When the Ev. Luth. Syn. of Illinois decided to withdraw from the Gen. Syn. and join the Gen. Council (see General Council of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in [North] America), it divided at Mount Pulaski, Illinois, August 1867. The minority formed the Ev. Luth. Syn. of Cen. Illinois* and remained with the Gen. Syn. The majority formed the Ev. Luth. Syn. of Illinois and Other [Adjacent] States (also known as Illinois Syn.) and joined the Gen. Council 1867. When the Gen. Council took no definite stand on the Four* Points, this Illinois Syn. left the Gen. Council 1871 and helped organize the Ev. Luth. Synodical* Conf. 1872. in May 1880 this Illinois Syn. merged with the Illinois Dist. of the Mo. Syn. and expressed the expectation that its pastors and congs. in Missouri would join the W Dist. of the Mo. Syn., adding that no pastor or cong. was under any obligation to do so. Membership at time of merger: 23 pastors, 26 congs., 6,004 communicants. See also Lutheran Church—Missouri Synod, The, V 15.

Illinois, Evangelical Lutheran Synod of Central

(Cen. Illinois Syn.) (1867–97; 1901–20). Organized August 1867 (see Illinois, Evangelical Lutheran Synod of, b.). In 1875 Ger. ministers withdrew and organized the Wartburg Syn. (see United Lutheran Church in America, The, Synods of, 30). The Ev. Luth. Syn. of Cen. Illinois was combined with the Ev. Luth. Syn. of S Illinois* 1897–1901 as the Ev. Luth. Syn. of Cen. and S Illinois.* The latter syn. divided again 1901 into the Ev. Luth. Syn. of Cen. Illinois and the Ev. Luth. Syn. of Southern Illinois In 1918 the Cen. Illinois Syn. helped form the ULC In June 1920 it merged with the Ev. Luth. Syn. of N Illinois,* the Ev. Luth. Syn. of S Illinois,* and part of the Chicago* Syn. of the Ev. Luth. Ch. into the Illinois Syn. of the ULC (see United Lutheran Church in America, The, Synods of, 7). Membership at time of merger: 25 pastors, 29 congs., 6,535 communicants. HT

Illinois, Evangelical Lutheran Synod of Central and Southern

(1897–1901). Formed by union of the Ev. Luth. Syn. of Cen. Illinois* and the Ev. Luth. Syn. of S Illinois* in October 1897. In 1901 the 2 syns. resumed separate existence. HT

Illinois, Evangelical Lutheran Synod of Northern

(N Illinois Syn.) (1851–1920). Organized September 18, 1851, at Cedarville, Illinois Joined The General* Syn. of The Ev. Luth. Ch. in the USA 1853. The Scands. withdrew 1860 and formed the Scand. Ev. &Luth. Augustana Syn. in N. Am. (see also Augustana Evangelical Lutheran Church, 8). In 1918 the Ev. Luth. Syn. of N Illinois helped form the ULC In June 1920 it merged with the Ev. Luth. Syn. of Cen. Illinois,* the Ev. Luth. Syn. of S Illinois,* and part of the Chicago* Syn. of the Ev. Luth. Ch. into the Illinois Syn. of the ULC (see United Lutheran Church in America, The, Synods of, 7). Membership at time of merger: 54 pastors, 60 congs., 6,575 communicants. HT See also Carthage College.

Illinois, Evangelical Lutheran Synod of Southern

(S Illinois Syn.) (1856–97; 1901–20). Organized November 7, 1856, near Jonesboro, Illinois, by 8 pastors and 4 laymen formerly mems. of the Syn. of the Southwest.* Joined Gen. Syn. 1857 (see General Synod of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in the United States of America, The). Area included S Illinois, SE Missouri, and W Tennessee Its pastors in Tennessee formed the Ev. Luth. Syn. of Middle Tennessee* 1878. The S Illinois Syn. was combined with the Ev. Luth. Syn. of Cen. Illinois* 1897–1901 as the Ev. Luth. Syn. of Cen. and S Illinois.* The latter syn. divided again 1901 into the Cen. Illinois Syn. and the S Illinois Syn. The S Illinois Syn. helped form the ULC 1918 and June 1920 merged with the Cen. Illinois Syn., the Ev. Luth. Syn. of N Illinois,* and part of the Chicago* Syn. of the Ev. Luth. Ch. into the Illinois Syn. of the ULC (see United Lutheran Church in America, The, Synods of, 7). Membership at time of merger: 10 pastors, 17 congs., 3,518 communicants. HT

Illuminati.

Term designating several groups of religious enthusiasts who claimed illuminism (unusual enlightenment) by communication with deity or from higher reason. Gnostics (see Gnosticism) advocated some form of illuminism. Later Illuminati included Rosicrucians,* Alumbrados (16th–c. sect in Sp. which claimed direct illumination from the Holy Spirit), Illuminés (also called Guérinets; 17th–c. sect in S Fr. similar to Alumbrados), Illuminaten (Perfectibilists; Ger. secret soc. modeled after Society* of Jesus but diametrically opposed to Jesuits; founded by A. Weishaupt*; promoted pol. freedom and natural religion; anticlerical; later leaders included Adolf von Knigge [1752–96; Ger. author]).


Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
©Concordia Publishing House, 2000, All rights Reserved. Reproduced with Permission

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