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I-It and I-Thou.

Terms popularized by M. Buber,* W. E. Hocking,* et al. to emphasize the relationship as cen. in existential meaning. Subject-object attitude (I-It) tends to reduce both parties to things; subject-subject attitude (I-Thou) tends to give relational value and emphasize value of personal being. See also Brunner, Heinrich Emil; Corporate Personality; Ebner, Ferdinand.


Term used in philos. to emphasize value of personal being as developed by M. Buber,* F. Ebner,* W. E. Hocking,* et al. See also Corporate Personality.

I Am.

Movement organized in Chicago 1934 by Guy Warren Ballard (pseudonym Godfré Ray King; 1878–1939) and his wife Edna (nee Wheeler; pseudonyms: Chanera; Lotus Ray King). Ballard claimed to be an accredited messenger of a group of spirits called “The Ascended Masters,” who included Christ, Moses, and esp. St. Germain. The movement is a conglomeration of elements including Hinduism,* Mazdaism (see Zoroastrianism), theosophy,* Spiritism,* and New* Thought.


(ca. 250–ca. 330). B. Chalcis, Coele-Syria; Gk. Neoplatonist; held elaborate system of mediation bet. spiritual and physical worlds.

Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
©Concordia Publishing House, 2000, All rights Reserved. Reproduced with Permission

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The Lutheran Church--Missouri Synod

Original Editions ©Copyright 1954, 1975, 2000
Concordia Publishing House
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Content Reproduced with Permission

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