Terms popularized by M. Buber,* W. E. Hocking,* et al. to emphasize the relationship as cen. in existential meaning. Subject-object attitude (I-It) tends to reduce both parties to things; subject-subject attitude (I-Thou) tends to give relational value and emphasize value of personal being. See also Brunner, Heinrich Emil; Corporate Personality; Ebner, Ferdinand.
Movement organized in Chicago 1934 by Guy Warren Ballard (pseudonym Godfré Ray King; 18781939) and his wife Edna (nee Wheeler; pseudonyms: Chanera; Lotus Ray King). Ballard claimed to be an accredited messenger of a group of spirits called The Ascended Masters, who included Christ, Moses, and esp. St. Germain. The movement is a conglomeration of elements including Hinduism,* Mazdaism (see Zoroastrianism), theosophy,* Spiritism,* and New* Thought.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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