Statement signed by J. Dewey* and other US philosophers and pub. 1933; reflects the pragmatism* of W. James* et al.; professes anthropological atheism* built on the theory of evolution*; defines humanism* as faith in the supreme value and self-perfectibility of human personality.
Human Manifesto II appeared 1973 with statements on religion, ethics, the individual, democratic society, and humanity as a whole. Signed by Sir J. S. Huxley* and other humanists. The Preface says: Humanists still believe that faith in the prayer-hearing God, assumed to love and care for persons, to hear and understand their prayers, and to be able to do something about them, is an unproved and outmoded faith. On religion: Promises of immortal salvation or fear of eternal damnation are both illusory and harmful. On ethics: Moral values derive their source from human experience. Ethics is autonomous and situational. (See also Situation(al) Ethics.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
©Concordia Publishing House, 2000, All rights Reserved. Reproduced with Permission
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