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(ca. 170–ca. 235). Scholars differ in attempts to identify him and on details of his life. Photius* calls him a pupil of Irenaeus*; opposed patripassianism*; accused Calixtus I (see Monarchianism, B 2) of Sabellianism (see Monarchianism, B 6) and lax discipline; elected bp. by his followers, thus causing so-called schism of Hippolytus, which lasted till 235; called 1st antipope. Works include Philosophumena (Exposition of Philosophical Teachings; also known as Refutation of All Heresies); Syntagma (Against All Heresies); Demonstratio de Christo et Antichristo; chronicle; commentaries. See also Schools, Early Christian, 2.

Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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