(17711824). B. Tune, Norw.; influenced by M. Luther,* J. Arnd,* E. Pontoppidan,* H. Müller,* H. A. Brorson*; interpreted a 1796 religious experience as call to evangelize fellow countrymen; traversed much of Norw. on foot and sailed from port to port to preach; also tried to raise standard of living; often arrested and imprisoned for itinerant lay preaching; emphasized conversion and sanctification; classified himself as orthodox Luth., but his orthodoxy was challenged; warned against separatism; urged ch. attendance and use of sacraments administered by pastors. Works include Reiser og vigtigste Hendelser; Religiöse Fölelser; Testament til hans Venner. See also Norway, Lutheranism in, 10; Evangelical Lutheran Church, The, 4.
A. C. Bang, Hans Nielsen Hauge og hans Samtid, 4th ed. (Christiania [Oslo], 1924); J. B. Bull, Hans Nielsen Hauge, der Erwecker Norwegens, tr. P. Klaiber-Gottschau, 2d ed. (Stuttgart, 1929); J. M. Shaw, Pulpit Under the Sky (Minneapolis, Minnesota, 1955); M. Nodtvedt, Rebirth of Norway's Peasantry (Tacoma, Washington, 1965).
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