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Hartmann, Nicolai

(1882–1950). B. Riga, Latvia; educ. St. Petersburg, Dorpat (Tartu), Marburg; Ger. realist philos.; prof. Marburg 1920, Cologne 1926, Berlin 1931, Göttingen 1945. Held that the object of knowledge exists indep. of thought and is given to thought; epistemology is based on ontology. Held that there are 4 strata of being, namely, in ascending order, matter, life, consciousness, spirit. Some categories of the lower penetrate the upper, but not vice versa. Emphasized importance of unraveling problems (aporias) into strands. Directed sentiments of love, faith, reverence, and gratitude not to a personal, transcendent God but to the sum of being. Works include Der philosophische Gedanke und seine Geschichte; Ethik; Zur Grundlegung der Ontologie; Möglichkeit und Wirklichkeit; Grundzüge ether Metaphysik der Erkenntnis.


Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
©Concordia Publishing House, 2000, All rights Reserved. Reproduced with Permission

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