(18511930). Son of T. A. Harnack*; b. Dorpat (Tartu); educ. Dorpat and Leipzig; prof. Leipzig, Giessen, Marburg, Berlin; influenced by A. Ritschl*; teacher of K. Barth.* Stressed ethical side of Christianity. Held religion is practical and concerned with power (traced in Christianity to hist. revelation of God in Christ) to live holy life. Regarded rise of dogma as influenced by Gk. spirit and as perversion of primitive Christianity. Believed that the life and teaching of Jesus is adequately revealed in the NT and that Christ was an outstanding religious genius who taught the Fatherhood of God, value of human soul, advent of Kingdom of God. With E. Schürer* founded Theologische Literaturzeitung 1876; coed. 18811910; other works include Dogmengeschichte; Das Apostolische Glaubensbekenntnis; Das Wesen des Christentums; Beiträge zur Einleitung in das Neue Testament; Geschichte der altchristlichen Literatur bis Eusebius; Die Mission und Ausbreitung des Christentums in den ersten drei Jahrhunderten. See also Switzerland, Contemporary Theology in, 13.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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