Religious position opposed to liberalism* and Modernism* in 20thc. Am. Protestantism. Adheres to the inspiration of the Bible and to its cardinal doctrines, but many of its protagonists have been assoc. with premillennialism (see Millennium, 7). Fundamentalism is polemic, attacking liberalism in sems. and chs. and causing sharp cleavages esp. among Baps. and Presbyterians. It is distinguished from Lutheranism in this, that the latter uses the Bible not as code but source of faith and emphasizes culture of spiritual life by the means of grace rather than by controversy. See also Five Points of Fundamentalism; United States, Religious History of the, 17.
M. L. Rudnick, Fundamentalism and the Missouri Synod (St. Louis, 1966).
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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