(18541941). Scot. anthropologist; b. Glasgow; educ. Glasgow and Cambridge; prof. Liverpool 1907. Held 3 stages in mental development of man: 1. Magic; man seeks to help himself through occult means; 2. Religion; religion is attempt to propitiate powers superior to man which are believed to direct and control the course of nature and of human life; 3. Science; man seeks to help himself through rational processes and careful observation. Works include The Golden Bough; The Belief in Immortality and the Worship of the Dead; Folk-lore in the Old Testament; Aftermath: A Supplement to the Golden Bough.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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