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Fliedner, Theodor

(1800–64). B. Eppstein, Ger.; educ. Giessen, Göttingen, and Herborn; pastor Kaiserswerth 1821–49. Organizations and institutions founded include Rheinisch-Westfälische Gefängnisgesellschaft 1826; refuge home for discharged female prisoners 1833; nursery school and deaconess institute that served as hosp. and training center at Kaiserswerth 1836 (see Deaconesses, 5); orphanage for girls 1842; deaconess house at Dresden and institute for training pastors' assistants at Duisburg 1844; sem. for women teachers for folk schools 1844; institution for female mental cases 1847; hospitals at Jerusalem, Constantinople, and Alexandria; training schools at Smyrna, Jerusalem, and Beirut. He brought 4 deaconesses to Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, on request of W. A. Passavant* (see also Deaconesses, 7). Issued Armen- und Krankenfreund beginning 1849.

M. Gerhardt, Theodor Fliedner: Ein Lebensbild, I (Düsseldorf-Kaiserswerth, 1933); A. R. Wentz, Fliedner the Faithful (Philadelphia, 1936); A. Sticker, Theodor und Friederike Fliedner: Von den Anfängen der Frauendiakonie (Neukirchen, 1965).

Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
©Concordia Publishing House, 2000, All rights Reserved. Reproduced with Permission

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