Christian Cyclopedia

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1. Objectively, body of truth found in creeds (fides quae creditur; Lat. “the faith that is believed”). 2. The human response to divine activity (fides qua creditur; Lat. “the faith by which one believes”). Faith as response is supernatural. 3. Faithfulness as a virtue.

See also Faith, Justifying; articles beginning with the word Fides; Grace; Grace, Means of; Justification; Simmel, Georg.

E. L. Wilson, “Faith,” The Abiding Word, I, ed. T. F. K. Laetsch (St. Louis, 1946), 188–220; A. v. Schlatter, Der Glaube im Neuen Testament, 2d ed. (Stuttgart, 1896); A. Koeberle, The Quest for Holiness, tr. J. C. Mattes (New York, 1936); J. Pelikan, “The Relation of Faith and Knowledge in the Lutheran Confessions,” CTM, XXI (May 1950), 321–331; W. F. Beck, “The Basis of Our Faith,” CTM, XXIII (June 1952), 418–427, “The Growth of Our Faith,” CTM, XXIII (July 1952), 498–508, and “Our Life of Faith,” CTM, XXIII (August 1952), 583–590; F. Gogarten, The Reality of Faith, tr. C. Michalson et al. (Philadelphia, [1959]); R. Bring, Das Verhältnis von Glauben und Werken in der lutherischen Theologie (Munich, 1955); H. E. Brunner, Faith, Hope, and Love (Philadelphia, 1956); C. A. Skovgaard-Petersen, Faith and Certainty, tr. A. W. Kjellstrand (Rock Island, Illinois, 1957); J. H. Bavinck, Faith and Its Difficulties, tr. W. B. Eerdmans, Sr. (Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1959); H. Bars, Faith, Hope and Charity, tr. P. J. Hepburne Scott, in The Twentieth Century Encyclopedia of Catholicism, XXVII (New York, 1961); R. K. Bultmann and A. Weiser, Faith, tr. D. M. Barton, ed. P. R. Ackroyd, in Bible Key Words, X (London, 1961); G. Ebeling, The Nature of Faith, tr. R. G. Smith (Philadelphia, 1961) and Word and Faith, tr. J. W. Leitch (Philadelphia, 1963); R. Schwarz, Fides, Spes und Caritas beim jungen Luther (Berlin, 1962); K. Bendall and F. P. Ferré, Exploring the Logic of Faith: A Dialogue on the Relation of Modern Philosophy to Christian Faith (New York, 1962); N. F. S. Ferré, The Finality of Faith; and, Christianity among the World Religions (New York, 1963); M. E. Marty, Belief and Unbelief as Modern Problems (San Francisco, 1963; mimeographed); C. Michalson, The Rationality of Faith (New York, 1963); D. M. Baillie, Faith in God and Its Christian Consummation, foreword by J. McIntyre, new ed. (London, 1964); see also references under Creeds and Confessions; Dogmatics; Ecumenical Creeds.

Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
©Concordia Publishing House, 2000, All rights Reserved. Reproduced with Permission

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