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Intentional cutting short of human life in cases of misery regarded as incurable. Though called “mercy killing,” Christian chs. usually object to it for various reasons: it breaks the 5th Commandment; man's life is given by God (Jb 10:8–12; Ps 139:13–16), who alone has right to take it again (Jb 1:21; Acts 17:26; 1 Jn 3:15); when man takes human life he must have Scriptural reasons (e.g., Mt. 26:52; Ro 13:4). In recent yrs. some doctors have repeatedly raised questions regarding the extent to which medical science should be applied to extend human life artificially indefinitely.

J. H. C. Fritz, “Euthanasia,” CTM, XVIII, 2 (February 1947), 94–100; J. F. Fletcher, Morals and Medicine (Princeton, New Jersey, 1954).

Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
©Concordia Publishing House, 2000, All rights Reserved. Reproduced with Permission

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