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Eusebius of Caesarea

(called Pamphili; ca. 260–ca. 339). “The father of ch. hist.” Pupil and friend of Pamphilus* of Caesarea; bp. Caesarea ca. 313; high in favor with Constantine* I; provisionally excommunicated under charge of Arianism* at a council at Antioch ca. 324; convinced the 325 Council of Nicaea of his orthodoxy by submitting a creed, probably that which his ch. at Caesarea had been using. Works include Chronicon, a universal chronological hist.; De martyribus Palaestinae, an account of martyrdoms in Palestine 303–310; Evangelica demonstratio and Evangelica praeparatio, apologetic works; Historia Ecclesiastica, which preserves many quotations from early churchmen and presents a reasonably reliable account of the growth of the early ch., esp. in the E; Vita Constantini, which develops the philos. of hist. that the Christian emp. represented the final triumph of God acting in hist. See also Acacius of Caesarea; Geography, Christian, 3; Patristics, 6; Socrates (surnamed Scholasticus).

D. S. Wallace-Hadrill, Eusebius of Caesarea (London, 1960); Eusebius, Bishop of Caesarea: The Ecclesiastical History and the Martyrs of Palestine, tr. and annotated by H. J. Lawlor and J. E. L. Oulton, 2 vols. (London, 1927–28). HTM

Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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