Christian Cyclopedia

About the Cyclopedia


(ca. 639–ca. 729). B. Northumbria; monk and bp. Lindisfarne; to Ireland; helped organize evangelization of Ger. See also Suidbert.


1. Hans Povelsön (Povelsen; Poulsen; Paulsen; Pavelsen; 1686–1758). “Apostle of Greenland; Apostle of the Eskimos.” B. Trondenes, near Harstad, on E Hinnöy of the Vesteraalen group of islands, N Norw.; d. Stubbeköbing, on Falster Is., Den.; educ. Copenhagen; Luth. pastor Vaagen, on one of the Lofoten Is.; to Greenland 1721, intending to evangelize descendants of early Norse settlers; found only Eskimos; miss. Greenland till 1736; tr. SC; assisted by Albert Topp 1723, and soon thereafter by others, including his own sons Paul and Niels and a native worker; to Copenhagen 1736, to head a Greenland miss. training sem.; supt. (or bp.) Greenland 1740; to Stubbeköbing 1747; buried Copenhagen.

2. Paul (1708–89). Son of Hans; succeeded his father in the Greenland miss. and as dir. of the sem.; completed the Innuit (Eskimo) version of the NT

L. T. A. Bobé Hans Egede: Colonizer and Missionary of Greenland (Copenhagen, 1952); E. N. Rolfsrud, White Angakok: Hans Egede and the Greenlanders (Rock Island, Illinois, 1952).

Egli, Emil

(1848–1908). Swiss Ref. theol.; pastor; prof. ch. hist. and archaeol. Zurich; cofounder of Zwingliana 1897 (periodical devoted to study of H. Zwingli* and Swiss Reformation). Ed. Aktensammlung zur Geschichte der Zürcher Reformation in den Jahren 1519–1533.

Egli, Henry

(Egly; 1824–90). B. Baden, Ger.; to US 1837; Amish Mennonite pastor 1854; bp. 1858; organized Defenseless Mennonite Ch. ca. 1865 (later called Conf. of the Ev. Mennonite Ch.). See also Mennonite Churches, 3 a.

Egli, Raphael

(Eglinus Iconius; 1559–1622). Swiss Ref. theol.; prof. NT Zurich 1592; prof. theol. Marburg 1606.


1. Empirical: self conceived as series of conscious acts and contents. 2. Pure: non-empirical; e.g., the soul theory that regards the pure ego as a permanent spiritual substance, and the transcendental theory that considers the self an inscrutable subject. 3. In S. Freud,* the ego is a narrower region than the id, which is the unconscious region in which basic instincts jostle together with no sense of order or value. The ego aims at self-preservation and maintains contact with the external world. The superego is the deposit of parental influences of childhood. 4. Ethical egoism holds that each individual should seek his own welfare. 5. Psychological egoism holds that the determining motive of voluntary action is concern for one's own welfare. See also Altruism; Psychology, J 7. EL

Egranus, Johannes Wildenauer

(Sylvius; d. 1535). Follower of M. Luther*; broke with him on the doctrine of justification, Lord's Supper, free will; regarded D. Erasmus* highly; held fast to the unity of the ch.

Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
©Concordia Publishing House, 2000, All rights Reserved. Reproduced with Permission

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