1. Hans Povelsön (Povelsen; Poulsen; Paulsen; Pavelsen; 16861758). Apostle of Greenland; Apostle of the Eskimos. B. Trondenes, near Harstad, on E Hinnöy of the Vesteraalen group of islands, N Norw.; d. Stubbeköbing, on Falster Is., Den.; educ. Copenhagen; Luth. pastor Vaagen, on one of the Lofoten Is.; to Greenland 1721, intending to evangelize descendants of early Norse settlers; found only Eskimos; miss. Greenland till 1736; tr. SC; assisted by Albert Topp 1723, and soon thereafter by others, including his own sons Paul and Niels and a native worker; to Copenhagen 1736, to head a Greenland miss. training sem.; supt. (or bp.) Greenland 1740; to Stubbeköbing 1747; buried Copenhagen.
L. T. A. Bobé Hans Egede: Colonizer and Missionary of Greenland (Copenhagen, 1952); E. N. Rolfsrud, White Angakok: Hans Egede and the Greenlanders (Rock Island, Illinois, 1952).
(18481908). Swiss Ref. theol.; pastor; prof. ch. hist. and archaeol. Zurich; cofounder of Zwingliana 1897 (periodical devoted to study of H. Zwingli* and Swiss Reformation). Ed. Aktensammlung zur Geschichte der Zürcher Reformation in den Jahren 15191533.
(Egly; 182490). B. Baden, Ger.; to US 1837; Amish Mennonite pastor 1854; bp. 1858; organized Defenseless Mennonite Ch. ca. 1865 (later called Conf. of the Ev. Mennonite Ch.). See also Mennonite Churches, 3 a.
1. Empirical: self conceived as series of conscious acts and contents. 2. Pure: non-empirical; e.g., the soul theory that regards the pure ego as a permanent spiritual substance, and the transcendental theory that considers the self an inscrutable subject. 3. In S. Freud,* the ego is a narrower region than the id, which is the unconscious region in which basic instincts jostle together with no sense of order or value. The ego aims at self-preservation and maintains contact with the external world. The superego is the deposit of parental influences of childhood. 4. Ethical egoism holds that each individual should seek his own welfare. 5. Psychological egoism holds that the determining motive of voluntary action is concern for one's own welfare. See also Altruism; Psychology, J 7. EL
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