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Certainty, Religious.

A true believer can be certain of his salvation. The faith that justifies is itself a certainty of salvation; its essence is “a being sure of God's grace in Christ Jesus” (fiducia cordis), Heb 11:1; Jn 3:36; Ro 4:20, 21; Eph 2:5; 4:30; 2 Ti 1:12. ln Introduction to Romans Luther defines faith as “a living, moving confidence in God's grace” (WA-DB 7, 10). It is an indication of a weak faith when a Christian has doubts and feels uncertain that he is in a state of grace and will be saved. See Luther, WA 12, 386–399; 10 Ia, 331; Ap IV 322–355. See also Apologetics, III B; Assurance.

A. Kurz, Die Heilsgewissheit bei Luther (Güterslob, 1933); J. T. Mueller, “Die Heilsgewissheit nach der Konkordienformel,” CTM, V (March 1934), 172 to 178.


Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
©Concordia Publishing House, 2000, All rights Reserved. Reproduced with Permission

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