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Cardinal Virtues.

Plato (Republic, iv, 427) regarded prudence, fortitude, temperance, and justice as the cardinal virtues. Ambrose, according to tradition, and other Christian writers adopted these. The “theological virtues” (faith, hope, charity) [love]; cf. 1 Co 13; Gl 5:5–6; Cl 1:4–5; 1 Th 1:3) were added, but in contrast to the 4 “natural” or “moral” virtues. Some combine them as 7 cardinal (from Lat. cardo, “hinge”) virtues.

R. Schwarz, Fides, spes und caritas beim jungen Luther (Berlin, 1962).


Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
©Concordia Publishing House, 2000, All rights Reserved. Reproduced with Permission

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