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Campanella, Tommaso

(Giovanni Domenico; 1568 to 1639). Italian philos.; joined Dominicans* ca. 1582; his first book, Philosophia sensibus demonstrata, because of disavowal of Aristotelianism, aroused suspicion of ecclesiastical authorities; he was accused of conspiracy against the Sp. govt., arrested 1599, condemned to life imprisonment 1602; freed by Spanish 1626, definitively by Urban VIII 1629. Held that individual consciousness is fact of existence. Doubting results of senses and reasoning, he held that the fact of one's own existence is the basis of inferences. Equally certain was the awareness of an external world to which sensual experiences referred. Works include also Prodromus philosophiae instaurandae, seu de natura rerum and De sensu rerum et magia.


Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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