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Calixtus, III

(Alfonso Borgia [de Borgia], or Borja; 1378–1458). Pope 1455–58; b. near Jativa [Xativa], Sp. uncle of Alexander VI (see Popes, 18); bp. Valencia 1429; cardinal 1444; attempted (unsuccessfully) a crusade to recover Constantinople from the Turks; in 1457 he ordered universal observance on August 6 of the ancient Feast of the Transfiguration (see Church Year, 16) to commemorate victory over Turks at Belgrade August 6, 1456.

Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
©Concordia Publishing House, 2000, All rights Reserved. Reproduced with Permission

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