(Arab. successor). Successor of Muhammad as head of the Islamic empire and religion. Orthodox Caliphate: abu-Bakr* 632634, Omar 634644, Othman 644656, Ali 656661; Omayyad Caliphate 661750; Abbasid Caliphate 7501256; Omayyad Caliphate of Córdoba 7561031; Fatimid Caliphate of Egypt 9091171.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
©Concordia Publishing House, 2000, All rights Reserved. Reproduced with Permission
Internet Version Produced by
The Lutheran Church--Missouri Synod
Original Editions ©Copyright 1954, 1975, 2000
Concordia Publishing House
All rights reserved.
Content Reproduced with Permission