E of Territory of New Guinea (of which it is politically a part); includes New Brit., New Ireland, Lavongai (New Hanover), and the Admiralty Islands, and ca. 200 other islands and islets. Area: ca. 22,920 sq. mi. Pop.: ca. 247,780, mostly Melanesians. Ger. protectorate 1884; after WW I under Australian control. George Brown of the Meth. Miss. Soc. of Australasia began work on New Brit. 1875. The Liebenzeller Miss. is at work on several islands of the Admiralty group. RC missions began 1889.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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