Offshoot of Deutsche Christentumsgesellschaft.* Founded as institute 1815 by C. F. Spittler,* Nikolaus von Brunn (17661849), and others, on impetus of K. F. A. Steinkopf.* C. G. Blumhardt* was its dir. till 1838. Est. as soc. 1822, when it first sent out missionaries on its own. F. J. Josenhans* (dir. 185079) systematized and industrialized the work of its missionaries and supervised erection of Basel Missionshaus. Female and medical missionaries were first sent out under O. Schott (dir. 187984). See also Christaller, Johann Gottlieb; Hartenstein, Karl; India, Republic of, 13; Indonesia, 4; Lechler, Rudolf; Missionary Institutes; Pfander, Karl Gottlieb; Riis, Andreas; Schmid(t), Friedrich; Stach, Jacob; Steimle, Friedrich Wilhelm Tobias.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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