Originated in the revival movement that began in the 20th c. Organized 1914 according to a combination of Cong. and Presb. principles, the movement emerged as the largest Pentecostal denomination in the US. Distinctive doctrines in addition to a core of ev. theol. are: (1) baptism in the Holy Spirit accompanied by the sign of speaking in other tongues; (2) divine healing of the body as a provision of the atonement; (3) the imminent premillennial coming of Christ. While not teaching the eradication of the old nature as do the Holiness bodies, high standards of practical holiness are practiced. Kindred groups united 1935 to form the Independ Assemblies of God, Internat.
I. Winehouse, The Assemblies of God (New York. 1959); C. Brumback, Suddenly, from Heaven (Springfield, Missouri, 1961); K. Kendrick, The Promise Fulfilled (Springfield, Missouri, 1961). WGM
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