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Arnold, Matthew

(1822–88). Eng. poet, critic, and essayist; “the great English apostle of culture.” B. Laleham, Middlesex, son of Dr. Thomas Arnold of Rugby; educ. Winchester, Rugby, and Oxford; private secy. to Lord Lansdowne 1847–51; inspector of schools 1851; prof. of poetry, Oxford 1857–67. As literary critic, Arnold propounded the need of maintaining the neglected qualities of dignity, harmony, and simplicity. Chief works: On Translating Homer; Essays in Criticism (first series, 1865); Essays in Criticism (second series, 1888); Culture and and Anarchy; St. Paul and Protestantism; Literature and Dogma; God and the Bible; Last Essays on Church and Religion; a Friend of God. Poems: Resignation; Self-Dependence; The Scholar Gypsy; Requiescat; Sohrab and Rustum; Dover Beach; Thyrsis; The Last Word; Rugby Chapel.


Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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