Elevation of human beings to rank of gods. Instances found among Assyrians, Egyptians, and Persians in antiquity. Ancient Greeks deified mythical heroes, e.g., Hercules. Romans long accorded this token of respect alone to Romulus, founder of their city; later the emperor (e.g., Caesar, Augustus) and even women of the imperial court were given divine status by senate decree.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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