(ca. 500ca. 428 BC). Gk. philos.; b. Clazomenae, ca. 20 mi. W of present Izmir, Ionia, Turkey, Asia Minor; brought philosophy* from Ionia to Athens either 480 or 456 BC; held that mind arranged all things; investigated and explained many natural phenomena; influenced Euripides (see Religious Drama). Charged with impiety and banished from Athens perhaps ca. 450, others say shortly before his death. Wrote Peri physeos.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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