(from Gk. for set up, dedicate). Term used in the LXX, e.g., Dt 13:6; Jos 6:18; Ez 10:8, as an equivalent for Heb. cherem, a word with the double meaning of devoted to God or set apart for punishment or annihilation. In the NT it is used, e.g., Acts 23:14; Ro 9:3; 1 Co 12:3; 16:22; Gl 1:8, 9. It was used as a formula of excommunication, e.g., by the Syn. of Elvira,* the Syn. of Laodicea,* the 3d Council of Toledo* 589, the Council of Chalcedon,* the Council of Trent,* and in later papal utterances. See also Blessing and Cursing; Justification, 10.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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