(Aethelard; Aethelhard; Athelard; 12th c.). Eng. scholastic philos., theol., astronomer, natural scientist; studied at Tours and Leon; traveled widely in Eur., N Afr., and Asia Minor; lived at Bath and became a Benedictine there. Works include Perdifficiles quaestiones naturales (defends Aristotle's proof of God's existence from motion); De eodem et diverso (doctrine of indifference; tried to reconcile Plato* and Aristotle* on universals).
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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